Huawei to shift phones to its own Harmony operating system from 2021

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Huawei to shift phones to its own Harmony operating system from 2021

By Leo Kelion
Expertise desk editor

picture copyrightHuawei

picture captionHuawei client chief Richard Yu revealed its working system plan

Huawei has introduced plans to pre-install its personal Concord working system on its smartphones from subsequent yr.

The Chinese language firm mentioned it could additionally provide the software program to different producers to make use of as a substitute for Android.

Huawei is presently the world’s second bestselling handset-maker, after a quick time

in the top spot.

However others have tried and didn’t problem Google and Apple’s dominance.

Google’s Android accounted for 85.4% of smartphones shipped final yr, according to research company IDC, and Apple’s iOS the remaining 14.6%.

And people figures replicate the very fact Samsung’s Tizen, Amazon’s FireOS, Microsoft’s Home windows Telephone, and Canonical’s Ubuntu have all didn’t make headway on handsets.

Huawei’s transfer has been prompted by the very fact it could possibly now not provide Google’s apps and providers on its newest gadgets, due to a US commerce ban – though the restriction doesn’t forestall it from providing Android itself.

Inside China – the place customers don’t use the Google Play retailer and plenty of of Google’s providers are blocked – this limitation has not triggered Huawei issues.

However in different nations, demand for its most up-to-date telephones has been weak as a result of Google’s instruments are standard.

picture copyrightEPA
picture captionGross sales of Huawei’s P40 handsets have been comparatively weak outdoors of China due to their lack of Google apps

One knowledgeable mentioned the destiny of the brand new working system would possibly depend upon what number of different expertise corporations Huawei satisfied to come back on board.

“This transfer might be supported by the Chinese language authorities as a result of it matches into its wider Made In China 2025 technique,” Marta Pinto, from IDC, mentioned.

“However it is going to solely take off elsewhere if different Chinese language distributors, similar to Xiaomi and Oppo, undertake it.

“Even then, it is going to nonetheless be a problem in geographies like Western Europe and Latin America, the place so many individuals and companies depend on Google’s merchandise.”

Two methods

Huawei introduced its plan firstly of a three-day developer convention close to the town of Shenzhen.

The unique model of Concord OS was unveiled a yr in the past, when it was pitched to be used in smartwatches, TVs and different good house devices.

However the firm now intends to launch a contemporary model – Concord OS 2.0 – that may be examined on handsets from December, forward of a proper launch in October 2021.

In parallel, it is going to shortly launch EMUI 11 – a model of its cell phone person interface based on Android 11.
picture copyrightHuawei
picture captionHuawei says the brand new model of EMUI will make it simpler to make use of its telephones with two apps on display directly

After October, a few of its smartphone fashions might be provided with Concord OS.

However it is going to proceed to supply EMUI instead.

Recode apps

A part of Huawei’s problem is it is going to want builders to code their apps particularly for Concord if the software program is to run natively and thus get the very best efficiency.

The corporate has indicated will probably be comparatively simple to recode apps already written for Android.

However this has proved a sticking level for different failed operating-system challengers.

Builders both determined the additional work was not price it or didn’t make it a precedence, which means the apps usually lacked the most recent options out there on Android and iOS.

‘Added catalyst’

“Huawei has the engineering expertise, the ambition, and a house market benefit,” Ben Wooden, from the consultancy CCS Perception, mentioned.

“And if the Chinese language authorities received totally behind Concord and made help for it a situation for different corporations to supply their services and products within the nation, that would supply an added catalyst for Huawei to determine a 3rd smartphone platform.

“However when it comes to international aspirations, historical past exhibits it is nonetheless a really tough factor to realize.”

Huawei faces different instant considerations.

From 15 September, the corporate might be unable to get extra of its Kirin processor chips manufactured, due to additional US commerce restrictions.

picture copyrightHuawei
picture captionWhereas Huawei has constructed up shares of its personal chips, it faces being unable to provide extra superior variations for future fashions

Samsung and SK Hynix will now not be capable of to promote it reminiscence chips.

And it has been reported Samsung and LG might be unable to continue selling it OLED displays for its smartphone screens.

Huawei has indicated it has constructed up stockpiles of parts to get by the instant future.

However the destiny of its client division might relaxation on Washington altering its place after the US presidential election.

Associated Matters

  • China

  • Mobile phones
  • Huawei
  • Trade

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